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Home App Development Best Android App Development: Which Language to Choose in 2024?
Best Android App Development: Which Language to Choose in 2024?

Best Android App Development: Which Language to Choose in 2024?

Published on: December 15, 2023 | By Annapurna

Technology | Robotics | Innovation

Why Android App Development?

The Android app market is booming, with countless businesses competing for user attention. This vast user base presents a phenomenal opportunity for businesses and individuals to reach their target audience and achieve their goals through mobile apps. To stand out, you need an app that's not just feature-rich but also performant, user-friendly, and visually appealing. Choosing the right android app development language plays a crucial role in achieving this.

Why Build Applications for Android?

There are numerous compelling reasons to consider developing applications for Android:

  • Massive Reach: Access a vast global audience of over 2.8 billion active users.

  • Diverse Device Ecosystem: Cater to a wide range of devices with varying screen sizes, specifications, and functionalities.

  • Open Source Platform: Develop apps with greater flexibility and customization thanks to the open-source nature of Android.

  • Large Developer Community: Benefit from a vast and supportive community of developers and resources.

  • Lower Barrier to Entry: Compared to iOS development, getting started with Android app development requires less investment and resources.

  • High Return on Investment: Reach a wider audience and maximize your profits through effective monetization strategies.

Which Programming Language Is Best For Android App Development?

Choosing the right programming language is crucial for successful Android app development. 

Top 8 Programming Languages For Android App Development 

1. Kotlin

  • Officially supported by Google: Kotlin is the official language for Android development since 2017, making it a safe and future-proof choice.

  • Modern and concise: Kotlin's syntax is cleaner and more expressive than Java, leading to faster development and less code.

  • Features for safety and performance: Kotlin boasts features like null safety, extension functions, and coroutines to ensure code reliability, efficiency, and easier asynchronous programming.

2. Java

  • The legacy language: Java has been the primary language for Android development for over two decades, making it a highly mature and well-supported option.

  • Vast developer pool: With a large pool of Java developers available, finding the right talent for your project might be easier.

  • Extensive libraries and resources: Decades of development have resulted in a wealth of libraries, frameworks, and resources readily available for Java development.

3. Dart (with Flutter)

  • Cross-platform development: Dart, used with the Flutter framework, allows you to build apps for both Android and iOS with a single codebase, saving time and resources.

  • Fast and efficient: Flutter's reactive framework boasts excellent performance and native-like responsiveness.

  • Modern and user-friendly: Dart has a modern syntax and hot reload functionality, making development faster and more iterative.

4. Python (with Kivy)

  • Rapid prototyping: Python's simple syntax and extensive libraries make it ideal for quick prototyping and MVP development.

  • Large community and resources: Python's immense popularity translates to a vast community and readily available resources.

  • Cross-platform capabilities: Frameworks like Kivy allow building apps for both Android and other platforms with Python code.

5. C++

  • High performance: For demanding apps requiring high performance, C++ remains the top choice due to its direct access to hardware resources.

  • Game development: C++ is the preferred language for game development, making it ideal for creating high-fidelity Android games.

  • Extensive libraries: A mature ecosystem with powerful libraries like Unreal Engine and Unity exists for C++ game development.

6. C#

  • Shares similar syntax with Java, making it easier for Java developers to learn.

  • .NET framework offers a robust platform for building various types of applications.

  • Unity game engine also supports C# for game development.

7. JavaScript (with React Native)

  • Another cross-platform option for building Android and iOS apps with a single codebase.

  • React Native provides a flexible and performant framework for building UI components.

  • Large JavaScript community offers plenty of resources and learning opportunities.

8. Lua (with Corona SDK)

  • Primarily used for developing 2D games for mobile platforms.

  • Corona SDK provides a lightweight and user-friendly environment for game development.

  • Lua's simple syntax makes it ideal for beginners and faster development.

How Long Does It Take to Learn Android App Programming?

The time it takes to learn Android app programming depends on your existing programming experience, learning pace, and dedication. For beginners with no prior programming knowledge, it could take anywhere from 6 to 12 months to learn the basics and build simple apps. However, with dedication and practice, you can gradually progress to building more complex applications.

How Do You Choose the Right Language for Android App Development?

The choice of the right language involves careful consideration of several factors:

  • Project requirements: Analyze the features, performance needs, and complexity of your app.

  • Team expertise: Choose a language your development team is comfortable with to ensure efficient development.

  • Time and budget constraints: Some languages offer faster development times, while others require more complex coding, impacting your budget.

  • Future considerations: Think about the long-term maintainability and future updates when choosing a language.

Additional Tips

Consider trying out different languages: Experimenting with various languages can help you find the best android app development company that suits your style and project.

Stay up-to-date: The world of best language for android app development is constantly evolving. Stay informed about the latest trends and updates to make informed decisions.

Focus on building great apps: Ultimately, the best language is the one that allows you to build a successful and user-loved Android app.

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Wrapping Up:

The landscape of Android app development offers a diverse range of programming languages, each with its unique strengths and weaknesses. While Java has historically held the reins as the official language, Kotlin has emerged as a powerful contender, favored by developers for its modern features and streamlined syntax.

For projects demanding high-performance native apps, C++ and C# offer unmatched control and access to hardware resources. Python, on the other hand, shines in its rapid prototyping capabilities, making it a valuable tool for building MVPs and exploring initial ideas.

By carefully considering these factors and exploring the specific features of each language, you can make an informed decision that empowers your project to reach its full potential. Remember, regardless of the chosen best language for android app development, the key to success lies in crafting a high-quality app that delivers an exceptional user experience.


What is an Android App?

An Android app is a software application specifically designed to run on the Android operating system. It can offer various functionalities, including gaming, communication, productivity, entertainment, and much more.

Is Kotlin better than Java?

Both Kotlin and Java are excellent choices for Android development. Kotlin offers a more modern and concise syntax, while Java has a wider range of libraries and resources. Ultimately, the best choice depends on your specific project requirements and preferences.

Can Python be used for Android app development?

Yes, Python can be used for Android app development through frameworks like Kivy. However, it's not ideal.

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