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Top 6 Database Technologies to Look for in 2023

Top 6 Database Technologies to Look for in 2023

Published on: August 4, 2023 | By Priyanka

Technology | Robotics | Innovation

Imagine a database as a virtual filing cabinet where you can store and organise information. It's like having a collection of folders, and each folder contains sheets of paper with different pieces of information written on them.

In a database, information is organised into tables, which are like the folders. Each table has columns, which are like the labels on the tabs of the folders, and rows, which are like the sheets of paper with the actual data. The columns represent different types of information, such as names, ages, addresses, etc., and the rows contain specific instances of that information, such as the names, ages, and addresses of different people.

You can use a database to store and manage all sorts of information, like customer data, inventory details, financial transactions, and much more. Just like how a filing cabinet helps you keep your papers organised and easily accessible, a database helps you store and retrieve information efficiently, so you can find what you need when you need it.

What is Database Technology?

Database technology refers to the tools, techniques, and software used to create, manage, and manipulate databases. It encompasses a wide range of technologies and concepts that are used in the field of information technology to design, develop, and maintain databases. 

Database technology includes various components, such as database management systems (DBMS), which are software systems that allow users to create, organise, and manipulate databases; database models, which define the structure and organisation of the data within a database; and query languages, which are used to retrieve and manipulate data from databases.

There are different types of database technologies, such as relational databases, which organise data in tables with predefined relationships between them; NoSQL databases, which are used for handling unstructured data, such as multimedia content; and distributed databases, which are used to store data across multiple locations or servers.

Database technology plays a crucial role in modern businesses and organisations, as it enables efficient and secure management of large amounts of data, facilitates data analysis and decision-making, and supports the development of software applications that rely on data storage and retrieval.

Types of Databases

There are several types of databases, each with its own characteristics and use cases. Some of the common types of databases include:

  • Relational Database: This is the most widely used type of database, based on the relational model. In a relational database, data is organised into tables with predefined relationships between them. It uses a schema to define the structure of the data and supports complex queries using SQL (Structured Query Language) for data retrieval and manipulation. Examples of relational databases include MySQL, Oracle Database, and Microsoft SQL Server.
  • NoSQL Database: NoSQL (Not only SQL) databases are designed to handle unstructured, semi-structured, or dynamic data that doesn't fit well into a traditional relational database. NoSQL databases use a variety of data models, such as document, columnar, key-value, and graph, and are often used for big data, real-time applications, and handling large amounts of rapidly changing data. Examples of NoSQL databases include MongoDB, Cassandra, and Redis.
  • Columnar Database: In a columnar database, data is stored and retrieved based on columns rather than rows. This can be more efficient for analytical queries that involve aggregations or large-scale data processing, as it allows for selective retrieval of specific columns without fetching unnecessary data. Examples of columnar databases include Google Bigtable and Amazon Redshift.
  • Document Database: Document databases store data in a semi-structured format, such as JSON or BSON, which allows for flexibility in data representation. Document databases are well-suited for handling data that varies in structure, such as multimedia content, user profiles, or product catalogues. Examples of document databases include MongoDB, Couchbase, and RavenDB.
  • Key-Value Database: Key-value databases store data as key-value pairs, where each value is associated with a unique key. This simple and scalable model is used for handling large amounts of data that can be quickly retrieved and updated using a key. Key-value databases are commonly used for caching, real-time analytics, and storing metadata. Examples of key-value databases include Redis, Riak, and Amazon DynamoDB.
  • Graph Database: Graph databases store data in a graph structure, where data entities (nodes) are connected by relationships (edges). Graph databases are designed for handling data with complex relationships and are used in applications that require traversing and analysing relationships between data entities, such as social networks, recommendation engines, and fraud detection systems. Examples of graph databases include Neo4j, Amazon Neptune, and OrientDB.

Popular Databases in 2023 and their Market Shares

1- Oracle (30.2%)

With 30.2% of market share, Oracle remains the most popular and widely used relational database management system (RDBMS). It provides a secure, scalable, and efficient platform for storing, managing, and retrieving structured data. Oracle Database supports a wide range of applications and offers advanced features such as high availability, data integrity, concurrency control, and robust security mechanisms.

2- MySQL (16.65%)

MySQL, with a market share of 16.65%, is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) that is widely used for managing structured data. It offers a scalable, fast, and reliable platform for storing, organising, and retrieving data. MySQL supports multiple storage engines, allowing users to choose the most suitable one for their specific requirements. It provides a comprehensive set of features, including support for transactions, stored procedures, triggers, and views. 

3- Microsoft SQL Server (13.21%)

Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft, with a market share of 13.21%. It offers a robust and scalable platform for storing, managing, and analysing structured data. SQL Server provides comprehensive features such as data integrity, high availability, security, and advanced analytics capabilities. It supports multiple programming languages and offers seamless integration with other Microsoft products and services. 

4- Postgre SQL (10.27%)

PostgreSQL, often referred to as Postgres, is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It provides a powerful and feature-rich platform for storing, managing, and querying structured data. PostgreSQL offers excellent data integrity, reliability, and scalability. It supports a wide range of advanced features including complex queries, indexing, replication, and concurrency control.

5- Mongo DB (7.09%)

MongoDB is a popular NoSQL document-oriented database management system. It is designed for handling unstructured and semi-structured data, making it suitable for managing large volumes of diverse data types. MongoDB stores data in flexible JSON-like documents, providing scalability and high performance. It supports dynamic schemas, allowing for easy updates and modifications to the data structure. MongoDB offers powerful query capabilities, indexing, and horizontal scaling for distributed systems. It is widely used in modern web and mobile applications, where flexibility and scalability are essential.

6- Maria DB (4.58%)

MariaDB is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) that is a fork of MySQL. It provides a robust and feature-rich platform for storing, managing, and querying structured data. MariaDB offers high performance, scalability, and reliability, while maintaining compatibility with MySQL. It includes advanced features such as support for transactions, stored procedures, triggers, and views. MariaDB is known for its active community and frequent updates, ensuring continued development and improvements. It is a popular choice for various applications, from small-scale projects to enterprise-level deployments.

7- IBM DB2 (3.79%)

IBM DB2 is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by IBM. It provides a comprehensive and scalable platform for storing, managing, and analysing structured data. DB2 offers advanced features such as high availability, data integrity, security, and robust performance. It supports various programming languages and platforms, making it versatile for different application environments. 

8- SQLite (3.15%)

SQLite is a lightweight, file-based relational database management system (RDBMS). It is embedded directly into applications, requiring no separate server process or configuration. SQLite is known for its simplicity, efficiency, and small footprint, making it suitable for embedded systems and mobile applications. Despite its lightweight nature, SQLite supports most standard SQL features and provides reliable transactional integrity. It is widely used as a local database solution for applications that require a self-contained and portable storage solution.

Final Thoughts

However, regardless of market share and popularity, choosing the right type of database depends on the specific requirements of your application, such as the nature of the data, scalability needs, performance requirements, and data retrieval patterns.

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